Skin Pigment Causes and Treatment

Skin pigment disorder is most likely to occur on the face and can take place at any age. Below I have quickly broken down the causes; types and the possible treatment for skin pigment.
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Causes:

  1. Body produces too much or too less melanin (this determines skin tone color) which results in some parts of your skin being either Lighter or Darker than the surrounding skin
  2. Things effecting the melanin levels: Race; Sun Exposure; Drug reaction; your Genes
  3. The biggest contributor is probably the sun followed by medication (such as contraceptive pills)

Main Types:
1: Hyper Pigmentation:
Parts of the skin become darker than the surrounding skin, body is likely producing too much melanin. Often found around the cheek, forehead and chin area.

2: Hypo Pigmentation:
Parts of the skin become lighter than the surrounding skin, body likely to not be producing enough melanin.

Treatment

  1. See a dermatologist to identify the level of skin pigment and clarify type
  2. Try to avoid sun exposure. If unlikely ensure that you are well protected
  3. Try to identify when the skin pigment started to occur and check to see if you started to take any new or changed medication intake and communicate this to the Doctor or Dermatologist

Do not use skin lightening creams / gels as this is likely to introduce or accelerate any skin pigmentation.

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